Thursday, January 6, 2011

CMake - Install - Linux and OS X

As described in previous posts deploying a program that uses an embedded copy of Firebird requires shipping some database server files. For Windows this can be done by the software that creates the installation package.

For Linux and OS X it is possible to use the CMake INSTALL command. This command creates an INSTALL target in your development tool: buiding that target will copy files to the folder specified by the CMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX variable.
This can be used to copy the compiled program, the Firebird runtime and other files as needed to the install folder. Then the install folder will contain a ready to run copy of the program, with all the needed files.

First use a variable to store the path of the files used by the Firebird embedded server. I keep them in a folder that has the same structure as the deployed files. Here is an example:

  # look for the folder containing the firebird embedded files to ship with the program
  find_path( FB_EMBEDDED_PATH firebird.conf ${PROJECT_SOURCE_DIR}/firebird_runtime ${PROJECT_SOURCE_DIR}/../../firebird_embedded_2.0.4_runtime )
  message( STATUS "Embedded firebird files path: " ${FB_EMBEDDED_PATH} )

At the end of CMakeLists.txt add code like this:

install( TARGETS vvv DESTINATION . )

if( APPLE )
  # copy the Firebird runtime
  install( DIRECTORY ${FB_EMBEDDED_PATH}/ DESTINATION vvv.app/Contents/MacOS USE_SOURCE_PERMISSIONS )
  install( FILES ${FB_EMBEDDED_PATH}/firebird/firebird.msg DESTINATION vvv.app/Contents/MacOS/firebird/bin/firebird )
  # fix filename references in the runtime
  set( FIXUP_COMMAND ${PROJECT_SOURCE_DIR}/MACOSX_fixup_bundle.sh " " ${CMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX}/vvv.app )
  install( CODE "execute_process( COMMAND ${FIXUP_COMMAND} )" )
endif( APPLE )

if( UNIX AND NOT APPLE )
  # copy the Firebird runtime
  install( DIRECTORY ${FB_EMBEDDED_PATH}/ DESTINATION . USE_SOURCE_PERMISSIONS )
  # copy other files used only for the Linux version
  install( FILES ${PROJECT_SOURCE_DIR}/linux_specific/readme.txt
                 ${PROJECT_SOURCE_DIR}/linux_specific/License.txt
                 DESTINATION . )
  install( FILES ${PROJECT_SOURCE_DIR}/linux_specific/vvv-start.sh
                 DESTINATION . PERMISSIONS OWNER_EXECUTE OWNER_WRITE OWNER_READ GROUP_EXECUTE
                                           GROUP_READ WORLD_READ WORLD_EXECUTE )
endif( UNIX AND NOT APPLE )

if( UNIX )
  # set the installation path of the executable file and the resources (in OS X they are inside the bundle )
  if( APPLE )
    set( EXECUTABLE_INTALL_PATH vvv.app/Contents/MacOS )
    set( RESOURCES_INTALL_PATH vvv.app/Contents/Resources )
  else( APPLE )
    set( EXECUTABLE_INTALL_PATH . )
    set( RESOURCES_INTALL_PATH . )
  endif( APPLE )



  # copy other files to the installation path
  install( FILES ${PROJECT_SOURCE_DIR}/vvv-struct-update.fdb
                 ${PROJECT_SOURCE_DIR}/VVV.fbk
                 ${PROJECT_SOURCE_DIR}/help/en/vvv.htb
                 DESTINATION ${EXECUTABLE_INTALL_PATH} )


endif( UNIX )

Under OS X CMake will execute a script named MACOSX_fixup_bundle.sh to patch the dylibs as described here. CMake has some support to automatically fix things like these: I struggled for some time but I was not able to understand how it works. Documentation is scarce to I gave up and I decided to directly run a script.
Here is the script used by CMake:

#!/bin/bash

# this script will fix the components of the Firebird runtime to make it run from any location

# the script receives the path of the bundle to fix
BUNDLEPATH=$*

# the following line contains the name of the executable file that will be patched
# it is the only line that should be changed when copying this file to another project
EXECFILE=${BUNDLEPATH}/Contents/MacOS/vvv

LIBPATH=${BUNDLEPATH}/Contents/MacOS/firebird
LIBBINPATH=${BUNDLEPATH}/Contents/MacOS/firebird/bin
# path of library files relative to the main executable
NEWLIBPATH="@executable_path/firebird"
# path of library files relative to other library files
NEWLIBPATH_FOR_LIBS="@loader_path"
# path of library files relative to executables in the "firebird/bin" folder
NEWLIBPATH_FROM_BIN="@loader_path/.."
OLDLIBPATH="/Library/Frameworks/Firebird.framework/Versions/A/Libraries"
OLDLIBFBEMBEDFILENAME="/Library/Frameworks/Firebird.framework/Versions/A/Firebird"

# change the references in the files contained in the "firebird" folder
for TARGET in libfbembed.dylib libicudata.dylib libicui18n.dylib libicuuc.dylib ; do
  LIBFILE=${LIBPATH}/${TARGET}
  OLDTARGETID=${OLDLIBPATH}/${TARGET}
  NEWTARGETID=${NEWLIBPATH}/${TARGET}
  NEWTARGETID_FOR_LIBS=${NEWLIBPATH_FOR_LIBS}/${TARGET}
  install_name_tool -id ${NEWTARGETID_FOR_LIBS} ${LIBFILE}
  install_name_tool -change ${OLDTARGETID} ${NEWTARGETID} ${EXECFILE}
  for POSSIBLECALLERNAME in libfbembed.dylib libicudata.dylib libicui18n.dylib libicuuc.dylib ; do
    POSSIBLECALLERFILE=${LIBPATH}/${POSSIBLECALLERNAME}
    install_name_tool -change ${OLDTARGETID} ${NEWTARGETID_FOR_LIBS} ${POSSIBLECALLERFILE}
  done
done

# change the references in the files contained in the "firebird/bin" folder
for TARGET in gbak isql ; do
  FILE=${LIBBINPATH}/${TARGET}
  for POSSIBLECALLEDNAME in libfbembed.dylib libicudata.dylib libicui18n.dylib libicuuc.dylib ; do
    OLDTARGETID=${OLDLIBPATH}/${POSSIBLECALLEDNAME}
    NEWTARGETID=${NEWLIBPATH_FROM_BIN}/${POSSIBLECALLEDNAME}
    install_name_tool -change ${OLDTARGETID} ${NEWTARGETID} ${FILE}
  done
  # change the reference to libfbembed into the program, that contains a reference to a different name (the framework name)
  NEWTARGETID=${NEWLIBPATH_FROM_BIN}/libfbembed.dylib
  install_name_tool -change ${OLDLIBFBEMBEDFILENAME} ${NEWTARGETID} ${FILE}
done

# change the reference to libfbembed into the caller program, that contains a reference to a different name (the framework name)
NEWTARGETID=${NEWLIBPATH}/libfbembed.dylib
install_name_tool -change ${OLDLIBFBEMBEDFILENAME} ${NEWTARGETID} ${EXECFILE}



You will need to edit the EXECFILE definition (near the file top) to change the name from "vvv" to your program's name.

1 comment:

  1. Thanks for sharing your info. I really appreciate your efforts and I will be waiting for your further write ups thanks once again.
    Vee Eee Technologies

    ReplyDelete